Now that the beautiful sunny days are here again, we seek refreshment in cool drinks and shady spots. This is also reflected in fragrances; fresh fragrances based on citrus fruits. Citrus is an umbrella term for fruits from the Citrus tree, such as mandarin and grapefruit. Increasingly, we hear of Bergamot as a citrus fruit. But where does Bergamot come from?
As a result of centuries of cultivation and cross-breeding of the citrus fruit, there are hundreds of cultivars today. Its cultivation is already mentioned in Chinese chronicles from 2200 years before our era.
The citrus fruit consists of a number of layers. The peel contains 'oil glands', in which flammable essential oils are stored. The layer underneath, which is also counted as the peel, is white and fibrous and contains a lot of pectin. The inside is the edible part. Here, juice sacs are formed which contain a lot of sugars, acids and vitamin C. Citrus fruits can be eaten directly, but they can also be used as seasoning. Furthermore, they are often pressed into juice. Packed with vitamin C.
There are only three 'real' citrus species: the grapefruit or Citrus grandis, the mandarin or Citrus reticulata and the lemon or cedrate, Citrus medica. The orange, for example, is a hybrid and not actually a separate species. Such a crossbreed remains in citrus species for a long time.
This citrus fruit grows on a small evergreen tree in Sicily, southern Italy (Calabria), southern France, Asia and the Ivory Coast. From the peel the essential oil is extracted, which is used in the perfume industry, but also for aromatherapy. It has a relaxing and uplifting effect.
This ingredient has been used for centuries and was already recognisable in the Eau de Cologne, water of Cologne, from 1714.
Bergamot owes its name to the town of Bergamo in Italy. In Greece, it is called Pergamonto, after the town of Pergamon which is now part of Turkey and called Bergama! So some suspect that the name bergamot comes from the Turkish beg-armudi, which means 'pear of the prince', because of the pear-shaped fruit.
Bergamot is often used in the top notes of a fragrance, often combined with lemon, lime, mandarin or grapefruit. All related and yet so different. The reason for this is that the freshness of Bergamot breaks open the fragrance, as it is called. The heart notes that follow can be completely different, such as white flowers but also a patchouli or Oudh can be combined.
Below are a few fragrances where Bergamot is clearly the guiding principle in the entire fragrance. To find out which other fragrances contain Bergamot, please visit us in the shop.